Nitrofurantoin uses Side-effects Dose Contraindication In Urdu
Table of Contents
It is an antibiotic used to treat urinary tract infections (UTI), Nitrofurantoin Uses including cystitis and kidney infections. When you take nitrofurantoin, your body quickly filters it from the blood into the urine. Tract infection, because means that the medicine is concentrated on the infected site.
However, this means that nitrofurantoin is not suitable for any other type of infection. Nitrofurantoin Uses a prescription drug. It comes in capsule, tablet, and liquid forms.
The most common side effect of nitrofurantoin is stomach upset. Taking this medication after or after meals will help prevent an upset stomach. With most infections, you will feel better after a few days. You can drink alcohol while taking This Medicine. Nitrofurantoin can make urine dark yellow or brown. This is completely normal. Return to normal after stopping the medication. Nitrofurantoin is also known as Aratoin, Macrobid, Macrodantin and Furadantin.
Who can and cannot take nitrofurantoin Uses by adults, Nitrofurantoin Contraindication including pregnant women and pregnant women. Nitrofurantoin for breastfeeding is not suitable for everyone. To be safe for you, please tell your doctor if you have ever had an allergic reaction to nitrofurantoin or any other drugs in the past; one of the rare genetic diseases: porphyria (a blood disease) or 6 phosphoric acid Glucose dehydrogenase (G6PD). Severe Kidney Disease Deficiency Diabetes Any disease that causes severe weakness, anemia, or vitamin B 4 deficiency, how and when to take the dose of nitrofurantoin.
The usual dosage is the treatment of urinary tract infection, 100 mg twice a day, or Two times each time, 50 mg each time, 4 times severely each time. Daily infections may require higher doses of 100 mg four times a day to prevent urinary tract infections of 50 to 100 mg once a day at night. Try to distribute the dose evenly throughout the day. If you take nitrofurantoin twice a day, there should be a 12-hour interval between each dose, such as 8 am 8 pm If you take it 4 times a day, it is usually the first thing in the morning, around noon, late at night, and before going to bed. Nitrofurantoin is usually best taken with meals or snacks. This helps prevent indigestion.
How to Use Nitrofurantoin
How to use swallow Nitrofurantoin tablets and complete capsules. Do not chew or crush them. For people who have trouble swallowing tablets, it is nitrofurantoin in liquid form. If you take liquid nitrofurantoin, your pharmacist will usually make up for this. This medicine comes with a syringe or spoon so you can get the correct dose. If you do not have a syringe or spoon, please consult your pharmacist. Do not use a kitchen teaspoon because it will not give you the required amount.
The dose of nitrofurantoin depends on whether it is used to treat or prevent urinary tract infections, your age, and the severity of the infection. If you are taking nitrofurantoin: To treat urinary tract infections, it usually takes 3-7 days to prevent the recurrence of urinary tract infections. You may need to take it for several months to prevent infection before surgery. What if I forget to do this on the day of the operation and the next 3 days? If you forget to take your medicine, remember to take it as soon as possible unless you remember when you will take the next medicine.
Take the missed dose and take the next dose as usual. Do not take 2 doses at the same time. Never take additional doses to make up for forgotten doses. If you often miss your medication, it may be helpful to set up an alarm to remind you. You can also ask your pharmacist for advice to remind you to take the medicine. What if I drink too much? Overdose of nitrofurantoin will not cause you harm.
Ask your doctor
In the following cases, please contact your pharmacist or doctor: you are worried or have serious side effects; you have taken more than one dose. 5. Side effects. Like all drugs, nitrofurantoin may cause side effects, although not everyone gets it. Continue to take the medicine. If these side effects are bothersome or persistent, consult a doctor: nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, loss of appetite, dizziness, or drowsiness. It can cause your urine to turn dark yellow or brown. This is a normal phenomenon, not a reason for stopping the medication. After you stop taking nitrofurantoin, your urine will return to normal.
Severe Nitrofurantoin Side-effects
- Severe side effects are rare, affecting less than one in a thousand people. Contact your doctor immediately if you have any of the following symptoms:
- chest pain,
- shortness of breath,
- chills or high fever,
- pale stools and dim urine,
- yellow skin or white eyes-these may be the liver or gallbladder Signs of problems,
- numbness or weakness-these may be signs of nerve problems-unexplained bruises or bleeding (including nosebleeds),
- sore throat,
- and feeling tired or general discomfort: these may be blood Signs of problems,
- severe allergic reactions.
- In rare cases, severe allergic reactions (allergic reactions) to nitrofurantoin may occur.
Dealing with side effects What to do if the following occurs:
Discomfort: Take nitrofurantoin Uses after meals or snacks or after meals.
Avoiding fatty or spicy foods when sick and diarrhea can also help: drink plenty of water, such as water or pumpkin. Avoid dehydration. When you feel unwell, take a sip often. Signs of dehydration include frequent or sharp urine. Do not take other medicines to treat diarrhea or vomiting without the advice of a pharmacist or doctor. Appetite-usually eats on an empty stomach; if it helps, eat a smaller amount of food than usual Eat snacks when you are hungry. Eat nutritious snacks high in calories and protein, such as dried fruits and nuts. headache. Make sure to rest and drink plenty of water. Don’t drink too much alcohol. Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be taken safely with nitrofurantoin.
If your doctor does not help the headache, or if the headache is severe, please consult your doctor. Dizziness or drowsiness-If nitrofurantoin makes you dizzy, stop exercising and sit or lie down until you feel better. Pregnancy and breastfeeding Nitrofurantoin is generally safe during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Nitrofurantoin is unlikely to harm you during pregnancy. It enters the urine directly, so almost no drug enters the fetus. However, do not take nitrofurantoin during childbirth as it may affect the baby’s blood. During pregnancy, you and your child can visit the BUMPS (Best Medicine in Pregnancy) website. In breastfeeding Before taking nitrofurantoin, please tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding. Although this medication is usually safe to take while breastfeeding, it may not be suitable for all breastfed babies. If your baby has a rare glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, do not take nitrofurantoin while breastfeeding.
Other medication precautions Some medications cannot be used with nitrofurantoin. Before starting nitrofurantoin treatment, tell your doctor if you are taking the following medicines: medicines used for indigestion, called antacids, especially magnesium-containing antacids, and some medicines used for gout. You can buy antibiotics called quinolones, such as nalidixic acid, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin, and moxifloxacin from pharmacies. If you take nitrofurantoin, the oral typhoid vaccine may not work well. This does not apply to typhoid vaccines.