glucophage-metformin-tablet

Glucophage Metformin Tablet for type two diabetes | Weight loss

medicine

Glucophage Metformin Tablet for type two diabetes | Weight loss

Glucophage metformin Tablet for type two daibities | Weight loss

 

Metformin Hydrochloride ) Tablets BP

Composition:
Glucophage Tablets 250 mg: Each film coated tablet contains:
Metformin Hydrochloride Ph. Eur……………250 mg

Glucophage Tablets 500 mg Each film coated tablet contains:
Metformin Hydrochloride Ph. Eur……………500 mg

Glucophage Tablets 850 mg: Each film coated tablet contains:
Metformin Hydrochloride Ph. Eur……………850 mg

Glucophage Tablets 1g mg Each film coated tablet contains:
Metformin Hydrochloride Ph. Eur……………1g

Glucophage tablet Metformin uses

  • Glucophage tablet use Type two Diabetes Or together with other medicines to treat diabetes (medicines taken by mouth or insulin).
  • Children 10 years and over and adolescents can take Glucophage Tablet on its own or together with insulin. It is also indicated for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus in patients with pre-diabetes and at least one additional risk factor in whom life style modifications alone have not reached adequate glycaemic control.
  • What should be the dose of Glucophage Tablet?

  • Always take Glucophage exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure. Glucophage cannot replace the benefits of a healthy lifestyle. Continue to follow any advice about diet that your doctor has given you and get
  • some regular exercise.

 

  • Usual dose

  • Children 10 years and over and adolescents usually start with 500mg or 850mg lucophage once a day.
  • The maximum daily dose is 2000mg taken as 2 or 3 divided doses. Treatment of children between 10 and 12 years of age is only recommended on specific advice from your doctor, as experience in this age group is limited. Adults usually start with 500mg or 850mg Glucophage two or three times a day.
  • The maximum daily dose is 3000mg taken as 3 divided doses.
  • If you take insulin too, your doctor will tell you how to start Glucophage.
  • For the prevention of Type 2 diabetes mellitus, the usual dose is 1000 to 1700 mg metformin hydrochloride per day divided in two doses given during or after meals.
  • It is recommended to regularly monitor the glycaemic status as well as the risk factors to evaluate whether treatment is still needed.

 

  • Monitoring

  • Your doctor will perform regular blood glucose tests and will adapt your dose of Glucophage to your blood glucose levels. Make sure that you talk to your doctor regularly. This is particularly important for children and adolescents or if you are an older person.
  • Your doctor will also check at least once a year how well your kidneys work. You may need more frequent checks if you are an older person or if your kidneys are not working normally.
  • How to take Glucophage Take Glucophage with or after a meal.
  • This will avoid you having side effects affecting your digestion.

 

How to Take glucophage tablet

 

  • Do not crush or chew the tablets. Swallow each tablet with a glass of water.
  • If you take one dose a day, take it in the morning (breakfast) o If you take two divided doses a day, take them in the morning (breakfast) and evening (dinner).
  • take three divided doses a day, take them in the morning (breakfast), at noon (lunch) and in the evening (dinner) lf, after some time, you think that the effect of Glucophage is too strong or too weak, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
  • more Tablet Glucophage if you take than you should If you have taken more Glucophage than you should have, you may experience lactic acidosis.
  • Symptoms of lactic acidosis are vomiting, bellyache (abdominal pain) with muscle cramps, a general feeling of not being well with severe tiredness, and difficulty in breathing.
  • If this happens to you, you may need immediate hospital treatment, as lactic acidosis may lead to coma. Contact a doctor or the nearest hospital straight away.

Glucophage Metformin tablet Forget Dose

Glucophage Metformin Tablet forget to take Glucophage Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose. Take the next dose at the usual time. If you have any further questions
on the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Glucophage Metformin tablet Contraindication 

  • What are the contraindications of Glucophage Tablet?
  • Do not take Glucophage
  • If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to metformin or any
  • of the other ingredients of this medicine
  • If you have kidney or liver problems
  • If you have uncontrolled diabetes, with e.g.
  • severe hyperglycaemia (high blood glucose),
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • dehydration
  • rapid weight loss or ketoacidosis.
  • Ketoacidosis is a condition in which substances called ‘ketone bodies’ accumulate
  • in the blood and which can lead to diabetic pre-coma.
  • Symptoms include stomach pain,
  • fast and deep breathing,
  • sleepiness or unusual fruity odour of the breath 
  • if you lost too much water from your body (dehydration)
  • such as due to long-lasting or severe diarrhoea,
  • or if you have vomited several times in a row.
  • Dehydration may lead to kidney problems,
  • which can put you at risk

for lactic acidosis.

  • If you have a severe infection, such as an infection affecting your lung
  • or ronchial system or your kidney. Severe infections may lead to
  • kidney problems, which can put you at risk for lactic acidosis.
    If you are treated for heart failure or have recently had a heart attack,
  • have severe problems with your circulation (such as shock) or have
  • breathing difficulties. This may lead to a lack in oxygen supply to tissue,
  • which can put you at risk for lactic acidosis
    Make sure you ask your doctor for advice, if
    You need to have an examination such as X-ray or scan involving the
  • injection of contrast medicines that contain iodine into your bloodstream
    You need to have major surgery you must stop taking Glucophage
  • for a certain period before and after the examination or thesurgery.
  • Your doctor will decide whether you need any other treatment for this time.
  • It is important that you follow your doctor’sinstructions precisely.

Take special care with Glucophage

  • Please note the following particular risk of lactic acidosis.
  • Glucophage may cause a very rare, but serious complication called lactic acidosis, particularly if your kidneys are not working properly.
  • The risk of lactic acidosis is also increased with uncontrolled diabetes, prolonged fasting or alcohol intake.
  • Symptoms of lactic acidosis are vomiting, bellyache (abdominal pain) with muscle cramps, a general feeling of not being well with severe tiredness, and difficulty in breathing.
  • If this happens to you, you may need immediate hospital treatment, as lactic acidosis may lead to coma.

Stop taking Glucophage

  • immediately and contact a doctor or the nearest hospital straight away. Glucophage on its own does not cause hypoglycaemia (a blood glucose level that is too low).
  • However, if you take Glucophage together with other medicines to treat diabetes that can cause hypoglycaemia (such as suiphonylureas, insulin, meglitinides),
  • there is a risk of hypoglycaemia.
  • If you experience symptoms of hypoglycaemia such as weakness,
  • dizziness,
  • increased sweating,
  • fast heart beating,
  • vision disorders or difficulty in concentration,
  • it usually helps to eat or drink something containing sugar.

Taking other medicines

  • If you need to have an injection of contrast medicines that contain iodine into your bloodstream, for example for examinations such as X-ray or scan, you must stop taking Glucophage for a certain period of time before and after the examination.
  • Tell your doctor if you take any of the following medicines and Glucophage at the same time. You may need more frequent blood glucose tests or your doctor may adjust the dosage of Glucophage:

Diuretics (used to remove water from the. body by making more urine).

  • Beta-2 agonists such as salbutamol or terbutaline (used to treat asthma)
    Corticosteroids (used to treat a variety of conditions, such as severe inflammation of the skin or in asthma)
  • Other medicines used to treat diabetes Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.

Taking Glucophage with food and drink

Do not drink alcohol when you take this medicine. Alcohol may increase the risk of lactic acidosis especially if you have liver problems or if you are undernourished. This also applies to medicines that contain alcohol.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

During pregnancy, you need insulin to treat your diabetes. Tell your doctor if you are, you think you might be or are planning to become pregnant, so that he or she may change your treatment. This medicine is not recommended if you are breast-feeding or if you are planning to breast-feed your baby.

Driving and using machines

  • Glucophage on its own does not cause hypoglycaemia (a blood glucose level that is too low). This means that it will not affect your ability to drive or use machines. However, take special care if you take Glucophage together with other medicines to treat diabetes that can cause hypoglycaemia
    (such as suiphonylureas, insulin, meglitinides).
  • Symptoms of hypoglycaemia include weakness, dizziness, increased sweating, fast heart beat, vision disorders or difficulty in concentration. Do not drive or use machines if you start to feel these symptoms.

Glucophage  Metformin Tablet Side effects

  • What are the adverse effects of Glucophage Tablet?
    Like all medicines, Glucophage can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
  • The following side effects may occur: Very common side effects (in more than 1 in 10 people)

Digestive problems

  • such as feeling sick (nausea),
  • being sick (vomiting),
  • diarrhoea,
  • bellyache (abdominal pain)
  • loss of appetite.
  • These side effects most often happen at the beginning? of the treatment with Glucophage.
  • It helps if you spread the doses over the day and if you take Glucophage with or straight after a meal.
  • If symptoms continue, stop taking Glucophage and talk to your doctor.
  • Common side effects (in less than 1 in 10 people)
    Changes in taste.
  • Very rare side effects (in less than 1 in 10,000 people)
    Lactic acidosis.
  • This is a very rare but serious complication particularly if your kidneys are not working properly.

 

 

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